29 March 2024 - 7min Read

Forex trading

Forex trading tips

Forex trading, like any other skill, requires continuous education and research, whether you are a beginner or an experienced trader. A lack of knowledge, or a general misunderstanding of the basics, are two of the most crucial things new forex traders experience. This almost always leads to failure.

That is why having a trading strategy is an important part of any trader's arsenal, especially when it comes to making a success in trading the world's largest and most active market. We've compiled a list of tips for forex trading for you to consider.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Key takeaways

  • Trading Forex can be a useful way to provide diversification to a larger portfolio.
  • Both novice and seasoned currency traders should remember that you can continue to improve through constant education, dedication, and keeping an open mind while building up your experience and knowledge base.  Establishing objectives and developing a trading plan are vital factors to ensure a successful trading career.
  • Risk: reward is an important part of a trading strategy.
  • Choosing the right forex pairs, timeframes and market sessions is an integral part of your strategy.
  • You will run down your account if you don’t have proper risk management in your trading plan.
  • Using a trade journal is crucial if you wish to learn from your mistakes and develop the best strategy over time.
  • Do plenty of research and choose your broker wisely.

Marc Aucamp

Content Writer

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Establish your objectives and trading style.

Before embarking on any trip, you must first establish your goals and plan your journey to determine  how you will get there. As a result, it is critical to establish specific objectives and ensure that your trading style can accomplish these goals. Each trading strategy has a unique risk profile that necessitates a specific mindset and approach in order to trade effectively.

For example, you should consider day trading if the worry of overnight exposure in the market keeps you awake. Position traders, on the other hand, will hold assets that they believe will profit over a period of months or even years. So, take time for some introspection and work out what trading style best matches your risk tolerance. Stress and certain losses will result from psychological incompatibility.

Lay down rules for both opening and closing your trades. Some traders put economic fundamentals, or macro analysis, at the core of their trading, using changes in the overall economic environment as triggers to mark the ideal moment to place the trade. Others rely solely on quantitative research or technical analysis of charts.

Whatever technique you choose, back-test it to make sure it is consistently profitable. Be ready to tweak your system so that it can adapt to shifting market conditions.

Role of broker

Deciding on a trustworthy broker is critical. You must understand each broker's rules and how they operate. For example, trading in the over-the-counter (OTC) or spot market differs from trading in exchange-driven marketplaces. Also, ensure that your broker's trading platform is appropriate for the trading style you intend to conduct.

Risk to reward

Before you start trading, you should decide how much risk you're willing to take on each trade and how much money you are hoping to make. A risk-reward measure assists traders in determining whether they have a chance to profit over time.

Stop-Loss orders

Stop-loss orders, which close a position at a specified price, can help to reduce risk. Stop-loss orders are an important forex risk management tool because they limit traders' risk per trade and can help avoid substantial losses.

If the trader suffered a string of losses as a result of being stopped out by unfavourable market movements, a higher winning percentage would be required to compensate for the losses.

Some brokers offer what we call ‘negative balance protection. Each broker has different rules around it. Contact their customer support team and find out first.

Losing concentration due to losses

Make sure that you only trade with money you can afford to lose. Your risk capital should not be required for living costs or long or short-term savings. Don’t risk money saved up for a new car or holiday.  Remember - this is your risk capital. If you think of it this way then it will mentally prepare you to take minor losses, which are an inevitable part of trading. You will be much more effective if you can concentrate on your trades and tolerate minor losses without getting emotionally attached.

Feedback loop

A favourable feedback loop is formed as a result of a well-executed trade that follows your strategy. When you prepare and perform a trade well, you create a favourable feedback loop. Success nurtures success, which inspires confidence, particularly when the trade is lucrative. Even if you accept a tiny loss but do so as part of a calculated trade, you will be creating a positive feedback cycle.

Research on weekends

When the markets are closed for the weekend, take some time to examine weekly forecasts for trends or news that may influence your trades. Self-analysing the past trades during that week will also help you learn what works and what does not from your mistakes, But make sure you take time to switch off when markets are closed. Look after your mental health, as well as your physical health.

Maintain a trade journal

A written document is an excellent learning utility. Make a plan and write down all the reasons for the trades, including the factors influencing your choices. Note your entries and exits on trades, the reasons for those decisions, and things like: Did you get scared? Were you overly greedy? Were you stressed out? This will help you to develop the discipline to perform according to your system rather than your feelings. A journal and a trading plan are both vital in helping to control your emotions.

Analyse when you make money as well as when you’ve lost it. How do you cope with losses? What about winners? Do you break your rules and become more reckless after booking a profit? Monitoring the performance of your past trades allows you to identify trends in your failures and triumphs, allowing you to eliminate the weaknesses in your system.

The right approach to entries and exits

Many traders can find it confusing when confronted by  the contradictory information that can appear when viewing price charts of different timeframes. What appears to be bullish on a weekly chart may appear to be bearish on an hourly chart.

As a result, if you get your fundamental trading guidance from a weekly chart and use a daily chart to plan your entrance, making sure the two are synchronised. In other words, if the weekly chart suggests that the trend is bullish, wait until the daily chart verifies it.

Positive expectancy

The expectation algorithm determines how good and reliable your system is. You should go back in time (backtesting) and measure all of your winnings versus losing trades, then calculate how profitable your winning trades were versus how much you lost on your losing trades.

Although there are several methods for calculating the percentage profit gained to measure a good trading strategy, there is no assurance that you will make that sum every day you trade because market circumstances can change.

Start simple

Many new traders make the error of jumping right in. You should not take a trade until it has been thoroughly thought out. When you do, start modestly and gradually but steadily develop your trust. In trading, there is no such thing as beginner's luck; when you first start, you will lose money on some trades while making money on others. This is why it makes sense to accept errors early and avoid major losses.
It is best not to overcomplicate your research by employing loads of trading tools and technical studies, as this can sometimes produce conflicting indications, leading to muddled thinking. Instead, keep it simple. Use no more than a couple of analysis tools at any one time.

Choose the right forex pairs

Make sure that you’re comfortable with the volatility in the Forex market. Some pairs are more volatile than others. Even though the major pairs can swing around violently at times, they tend to be less volatile than the more exotic pairs. So, have a look at past instances of volatility and make sure you can cope with it.
Do you want to attempt to earn a quick buck, or do you want to build a steady profit over time? If you're seeking short-term profits, you'll most likely be looking at highly volatile markets with a large daily range between the high and the low. A narrow bid/offer spread also implies decent liquidity, which is advantageous if things go against you, as fast-moving marketplaces provide more opportunities to enter and exit a trade.

To assist with this, you need to gain experience with what we call ‘screen time, ‘ which is time spent in front of the charts.

Examine the history

One of the technical analysis's main principles is assessing the past. For instance, Dow Theory operates on the assumption that 'history repeats itself.' Based on prior experience, looking at past price movements on a currency can provide hints as to how the price will perform in the future. Given the right set of conditions, human behaviour can be somewhat foreseeable, and this is how technical analysis can help. 

Market factors determine price, and the price is determined by individuals like you and me who experience the same human feelings of fear, greed, optimism and dread as everyone else. Seeing where previous highs and lows have happened, as well as how the market has acted when at these levels, can provide hints as to what might happen next, allowing traders to develop a variety of tactics using 'what if' situations.

Taking a break is a good thing

Take a break if nothing seems to be going right and you are consistently losing money. Take some time to clear your mind and restart the following month. Avoid the urge to 'chase the market' in order to make up for lost money.

Don't rely solely on one indicator

Looking at a single indicator, which, for instance, indicates that the product is overvalued, and then trading against the prevalent trend is a common trading error. Oscillators and moving averages should be used in combination with other things, such as support and resistance levels or moving average crossovers, to help confirm probable price direction. Although some traders trade on ‘naked’ charts i.e., no indicators. They focus on price action.

Learn how to use leverage in forex trading

Buying and selling currencies necessitates the use of debt in order to acquire greater exposure to the markets. This can be advantageous because you only have to pay a portion of the total worth of a trade, but it can also increase losses. Make sure you're using risk-management instruments like stop-loss orders. You will never catch me trading without a stop-loss order.

Prepare to be incorrect

Even the most effective traders make errors and lose money from time to time. So as a beginner, you must understand that you will be incorrect from time to time, especially in the early days.
Making errors and being incorrect are inevitable outcomes of learning to trade; the sooner you embrace this, the better. If your previous trade was a loss, try not to dwell on it and don't let it influence your decision-making process for the next trade. Instead, examine your error and attempt to learn from it.

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Control your emotions

Keeping your feelings under control, especially your tension levels, is critical when trading. Ensure you think clearly and make educated, logical, and unemotional decisions.

Minimise your tension by identifying the source of your worry and either eliminating it or decreasing its effect on you. It may be that you reduce the size of your open position by closing it partially. This is easier said than done, particularly after a losing streak, but it can mean the difference between a successful and failed trader.

Final thoughts

The tips outlined above should help you develop an organized trading strategy that will help you become a more polished trader. Trading is a skill; the only way to improve is through constant and rigorous application. Remember that forex trading requires a combination of planning, persistence, and constant discipline. These pointers are tips, and can be modified around your personality and trading style. See what works for you!


People also asked

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Forex, also known as foreign exchange or currency trading, involves buying one currency against another. Forex dealers try to benefit by betting on how exchange rates will move in the future.

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Unlike equities, futures, or options, currency trading does not take place on a specific exchange and is not governed by a single regulating authority. Basically, commerce in the world's biggest and most volatile market is based on nothing more than a contract between brokers and traders.

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Forex market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week.

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